As the influence of the ARPANET spread across academic communities, gateways were developed to pass mail to and from other networks such as CSNET, JANET, BITNET, X.400, and Fido Net.This often involved addresses such as: Many MTAs used to accept messages for any recipient on the Internet and do their best to deliver them. This was very important in the early days of the Internet when network connections were unreliable.Internet email messages consist of two major sections, the message header and the message body.

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and many MTAs do not accept messages from open mail relays.

The Internet email message format is now defined by RFC 5322, with multimedia content attachments being defined in RFC 2045 through RFC 2049, collectively called Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions or MIME.

International email, with internationalized email addresses using UTF-8, has been standardized, but as of 2016 it has not been widely adopted.

The history of modern Internet email services reaches back to the early ARPANET, with standards for encoding email messages published as early as 1973 (RFC 561).

In 2010 Egypt, the Russian Federation, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates started offering IDN registrations.

The government of India also registered .bharat In the early 1970s, Ray Tomlinson updated an existing utility called SNDMSG so that it could copy messages (as files) over the network.For example, several writers in the early 1970s used the term to describe fax document transmission.As a result, it is difficult to find the first citation for the use of the term with the more specific meaning it has today.Lawrence Roberts, the project manager for the ARPANET development, took the idea of READMAIL, which dumped all "recent" messages onto the user's terminal, and wrote a programme for TENEX in TECO macros called RD, which permitted access to individual messages.Marty Yonke rewrote NRD to include reading, access to SNDMSG for sending, and a help system, and called the utility WRD, which was later known as BANANARD.In the process of transporting email messages between systems, SMTP communicates delivery parameters and information using message header fields.